In Bhutan the series of traditional skills or crafts is defined as zorig chusum (The thirteen traditional arts and crafts).
Zo means the ability to make, rig stands for the science or craft, chusum is thirteen. These refer to those practices that have been gradually developed through the centuries, often passed down through families with long-standing relations to a particular craft.

The following provides a brief overview of the thirteen traditional crafts:

DE ZO – Paper Art
Handmade paper made mainly from the Daphne plant and gum from a creeper root.

DO ZO – Masonry
Stone arts used in the construction of stone pools and the outer walls of Dzongs, monasteries, stupas and some other buildings.

GAR ZO – Blacksmithing
The manufacture of iron goods, such as farm tools, knives, swords and utensils.

JIN ZO – Sculpture
The making of religious statues and ritual objects, pottery and the construction of buildings using mortar, plaster and rammed earth.

LHA ZO – Painting
From the images on thangkas (religious wall hangings), walls paintings and statues to the decorations on furniture and window-frames.

LUG ZO – Casting
Production of bronze roof-crests, statues, bells and ritual instruments, in addition to jewelry and household items using sand casting and the lost wax method.

PAR ZO – Carving
In wood, slate or stone, for making such items as printing blocks for religious texts, masks, furniture, altars, and the slate images adorning many shrines and altars.

SHAG ZO – Wood turning
Making a variety of bowls, plates, cups and other containers.

SHING ZO – Woodwork
Employed in the construction of Dzongs, monasteries, houses and much smaller household goods.

THAG ZO – Weaving and dying
The entire process of weaving from the preparation of yarn, the dying and final weaving to produce designs ranging from the most simple to the fantastically intricate.

TROK ZO – Ornament-making
Working in gold, silver and copper to make jewelry, ritual objects and more practical household items.

TSHA ZO – Cane and Bamboo Working
The production of such varied items as bows and arrows, baskets, drinkcontainers, utensils, musical instruments, fences and mats.

TSHEM ZO – Embroidery and Stitching
Working with needle and thread to make clothes, boots or the most intricate of applique Thangkas (religious wall hangings).